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Rhesus Macaque recombinant IL-16 produced in E.coli is a single, non-glycosylated, polypeptide chain containing 121 amino acids and having a molecular mass of 12.5kDa. IL-16 is a pleiotropic cytokine that functions as a chemoattractant, a modulator of T cell activation, and an inhibitor of HIV replication. The signaling process of IL-16 is mediated by CD4. The product of this gene undergoes proteolytic processing, which is found to yield two functional proteins. IL-16 functions exclusively attributed to the secreted C-terminal peptide, while the N-terminal product may play a role in cell cycle control. Caspase 3 is reported to be involved in the proteolytic processing of this protein. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. IL-16 stimulates a migratory response in cd4+ lymphocytes, monocytes, and eosinophils. Also induces t-lymphocyte expression of interleukin 2 receptor, ligand for cd4.
|Keywords:||IL16, Interleukin-16, LCF, Lymphocyte Chemoattractant Factor, prIL-16, IL-16, FLJ16806, FLJ42735, FLJ44234, HsT19289.|
|UniProt ID :||O62675 | Find alternatives|
|Gene ID||GeneID 574100 | Find alternatives|
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