With the advancement of immunotherapeutics, the urge to understand the tumor microenvironment has never been more pressing.
Enzyme units and specific activity explained.
This article focuses on the differences between white, brown and beige adipose tissue, as well as the role of adipokines in the development of obesity and insulin resistance.
Like proteins, peptides occur in nature and are responsible for many functions.
Examination of common laboratory animal species.
On February 12, 1941 penicillin was first used in the treatment of a patient. This was the first time that an effective drug for the treatment of bacterial infections became available.
65 years ago the first immortalized cell line, today known as HeLa, was established.
In order for the cell to function normally, a balance must be maintained between the production, degradation, and clearance of cytoplasmic components.
On January 6, 1971 Berkeley chemists announced the first synthetic production of growth hormone.
1 From 4