Human recombinant Growth Hormone produced in HEK cells is a non-glycosylated monomer, having a total molecular weight of 22kDa. GH is a member of the somatotropin/prolactin family of hormones which play an important role in growth control. The gene, along with four other related genes, is located at the growth hormone locus on chromosome 17 where they are interspersed in the same transcriptional orientation, an arrangement which is thought to have evolved by a series of gene duplications. The five genes share a remarkably high degree of sequence identity. Alternative splicing generates additional isoforms of each of the five growth hormones, leading to further diversity and potential for specialization. This particular family member is expressed in the pituitary but not in placental tissue as is the case for the other four genes in the growth hormone locus. Mutations in or deletions of the gene lead to growth hormone deficiency and short stature.
|Keywords:||GH1, GH, GHN, GH-N, hGH-N,Pituitary growth hormone, Growth hormone 1, Somatotropin.|
|Expressed in:||Human cells|
|KEGG ID :||K05438 | Find alternatives|
|UniProt ID :||P01241 | Find alternatives|
|Gene ID||GeneID 2688 | Find alternatives|
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