Product information "Histone H2A (Xenopus recombinant)"
A nucleosome is the basic repeating unit of chromatin in which 146 base pairs of DNA wrap twice around an octamer of histones. The octamer is composed of two of each histone H2A, H2B, H3, and H4. Histones H2A and H2B form a dimer. Histones H3 and H4 form a tetramer. The combination of two H2A/H2B dimers and one H3/H4 tetramer create the nucleosome core. Histone H3 undergoes many modifications which include acetylation, phosphorylation, ubiquitylation, sumoylation, and biotinylation that are important for regulation of gene transcription.