Human recombinant Interleukin-28A produced in HEK cells is a non-glycosylated monomer, having a total molecular weight of 24kDa. IL-28A is distantly related to type I interferons and the IL-10 family. Expression of IL-28A is induced by viral infection which interacts with a heterodimeric class II cytokine receptor that consists of interleukin 10 receptor, beta (IL10RB) and interleukin 28 receptor, alpha. IL-28A exhibits common features with type I IFNs such as antiviral activity, antiproliferative activity and in vivo antitumour activity. IL-28A acts similarly to IFNs, but is less effective generally and has activity in a more limited range of cell lines. IFN-ambda 1, IFN-lambda 2 and IFN-lambda 3 are closely positioned genes on human chromosome 19. IL-28A induces ELR(-) CXC chemokine mRNA in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, in an IFN-gamma-independent manner. IL-28A is able to generate tolerogenic DCs, an activity that could thwart IFN-beta functions. IL-28A produced in response to viral infection, activates both monocytes and macrophages producing a restricted panel of cytokines and therefore is an important factor in activating innate immune responses at the site of viral infection.
|Keywords:||Interleukin-28A, IL-28A, IFN-Lambda 2, Interferon-Lambda 2, Cytokine ZCYTO20, IL28A, IFNL2, ZCYTO20.|
|Expressed in:||Human cells|
|KEGG ID :||K22669 | Find alternatives|
|UniProt ID :||Q8IZJ0 | Find alternatives|
|Gene ID||GeneID 282616 | Find alternatives|
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